A team of scientists led by Laura Hayes–a solar physicist who splits her time between NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland–investigated a connection between solar flares and Earth’s atmosphere. They discovered pulses in the electrified layer of the atmosphere – called the ionosphere – mirrored X-ray oscillations during a July 24, 2016 flare.

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Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Genna Duberstein (USRA): Lead Producer Kathalina Tran (Wyle Information Systems): Lead Science Writer Jack Ireland (ADNET Systems): Scientist Laura Hayes (Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland): Lead Scientist Music: “Good Chat” by Richard Anthony D Pike

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